UPIASI’’s initiative of reviving the idea of publishing the proceedings of a CASI-Centre for Policy Research (CPR) Workshop on Federalism and the All India Services held in January 1995, resulted in a CASI/UPIASI-CPR joint publication, The Changing Role of the All India Services: An Assessment and Agenda for Future Research on Federalism and the All India Services, co-edited by Balveer Arora, Jawaharlal Nehru University and Beryl Radin, State University of New York, Albany, which was published as a hardback report in March 2000.
The research project on “The Context of Innovation in India: The Case of the Information Technology Industry”, was successfully completed in 2002. The papers have been published in a special issue of the Sage journal, Science, Technology and Society, Vol. 7, No. 1, (January-June 2002).
A volume titled India in the Global Software Industry: Innovation, Firm Strategies and Development, co-edited by Anthony D’Costa and E. Sridharan, was published by Palgrave Macmillan (London) with an Indian edition by Macmillan India in 2004. This is the first book-length study of the Indian software industry since Heeks (1996).
The volume includes the chapters in the special issue of the Sage journal, Science, Technology and Society, Vol. 7, No. 1, (January-June 2002), with additional contributions by Rakesh Basant and Pankaj Chandra (Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad), Deepti Bhatnagar and Mukund Dixit (Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad) and Abhoy Ojha and S. Krishna (Indian Institute of Management Bangalore), Anthony D’Costa and E. Sridharan and a joint chapter by them.
The project was supported by diverse donors including the Ministry of Information Technology, Ministry of Small-Scale Industries and Agro &Rural Industries, Infosys, Tata Consultancy Services, Mahindra & Mahindra, National Centre for Software Technology, Center for the Advanced Study of India, University of Pennsylvania.
UPIASI carried out a multi-scholar research project on “Constitutional Ideas and Political Practices: Fifty Years of the Republic.” The research for this project took place during 1999-2002 and the resulting volume, India’s Living Constitution: Ideas, Practices, Controversieswas published in India by Permanent Black in 2002 (hardback) and 2004 (paperback), and in hardback and paperback editions by Anthem Press, London, in 2005. The project was supported by the Ford Foundation.
The project critically examined the hiatus between constitutional-political ideas (implicitly of Western origin) and political practices in India over the past half a century.
The contributors were:
Satish Saberwal (formerly Jawaharlal Nehru University)
Granville Austin (independent scholar, Washington, D.C.)
Douglas Verney (University of Pennsylvania)
Rajeev Bhargava (Delhi University)
Neera Chandhoke (Delhi University)
Zoya Hasan (Jawaharlal Nehru University)
Upendra Baxi (University of Warwick)
Sunil Khilnani (Birkbeck College)
Marc Galanter (University of Wisconsin, Madison)
Martha Nussbaum (University of Chicago)
Peter R. de Souza (Goa University)
Pratap Bhanu Mehta (Jawaharlal Nehru University)
A. Vaidyanathan (Madras Institute of Development Studies)
Javeed Alam (Central Institute of English and Foreign Languages)
R. Sudarshan (UNDP)
E. Sridharan (UPIASI)
This project seeks to do long-range research on conflict resolution and cooperation building in South Asia by applying international relations theory literature to the region and by supporting scholars from the countries of the region to do fieldwork and write research papers on different aspects of regional conflict and cooperation. The project has resulted in three volumes, E. Sridharan, ed., The India-Pakistan Nuclear Relationship: Theories of Deterrence and International Relations, Routledge, 2007, and E. Sridharan, ed., International Relations Theory and South Asia: Security, Political Economy, Domestic Politics, Identities, and Images, New Delhi: Oxford University Press, 2011.
UPIASI convened the first workshop of the project, “Alternative Architectures in South Asia” on July 27-28, 2002, in Delhi. Sixteen scholars from India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and the US presented papers.
The second workshop, “Deterrence Theory and South Asia,” took place in Delhi on August 26-27, 2003. Eleven papers were presented, nine of which were on various aspects of nuclear deterrence in South Asia, and two on the possibility of economic cooperation and Pakistan’s development strategy and options and how this would affect the security relationship. Workshop presenters were: Rifaat Hussain (Quaid-I-Azam University), Rasul Bakhsh Rais (Lahore University of Management Sciences); S. Akbar Zaidi (independent economist and consultant, Karachi); Tang Shiping (Institute of Asia-Pacific Studies, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing); Rajesh Rajagopalan (Observer Research Foundation, New Delhi); Rajesh Basrur (Centre for Global Studies, Mumbai), Arvind Kumar (National Institute for Advanced Study, Bangalore), W.P.S. Sidhu (International Peace Academy, New York); Swaran Singh Jaswal (Jawaharlal Nehru University); Bharat Karnad (Centre for Policy Research); Kannan Srinivasan (independent scholar, Mumbai). The workshop was also attended by several members of the wider academic and foreign affairs and defence policy community in Delhi.
A selection of essays from the second workshop appeared as a special issue of the US-based Routledge journal India Review Vol.4, no.2 in 2005, with an introduction by E. Sridharan. An edited volume, E. Sridharan, ed., The India-Pakistan Nuclear Relationship: Theories of Deterrence and International Relations, Abingdon, UK and New Delhi: Routledge, 2007, containing the five papers in the special issue and five others has been published.
The third workshop, held on July 15-16, 2004 was called, “Domestic Politics, Regional/Global Structure and Foreign Policy”. The following scholars researched, wrote and presented papers, including several fieldwork-based papers: Mohammed Ayoob (James Madison College of Michigan State University), Rajesh Basrur (Centre for Global Studies, Mumbai), Jayadeva Uyangoda (Colombo University), Moonis Ahmar (Karachi University), Pratap Bhanu Mehta (Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi); Varun Sahni (Jawaharlal Nehru University), Mohammed Waseem (Quaid-I-Azam University), Meghna Guhathakurta (Dhaka University), Sanjay Chaturvedi (Punjab University), S. Akbar Zaidi (Independent Scholar, Karachi), Imtiaz Ahmed, (Dhaka University).
The fourth workshop, held on March 12, 2005 saw the following papers presented: E. Sridharan (UPIASI), S. Akbar Zaidi (Independent Scholar, Karachi), Rajesh Basrur (Centre for Global Studies, Mumbai), Humayun Kabir (Bangladesh Institute of International & Strategic Studies, Dhaka), Rahul Mukherji (Jawaharlal Nehru University), Shibashis Chatterjee (Jadavpur University), Sanjay Chaturvedi (Punjab University), Navnita Behera (Delhi University).
The fifth workshop of the project was held on March 27-29, 2006, in Delhi. the following scholars researched, wrote and presented papers: Rajesh Basrur (centre for global studies, mumbai), Ayesha Siddiqa, (independent scholar and strategic analyst, Islamabad), Varun Sahni (Jawaharlal Nehru University), Kanti Bajpai (Doon School), Shibashis Chatterjee (Jadavpur University), K. P. Vijayalakshmi (Jawaharlal Nehru University), Aparajita Biswas (University of Mumbai), Siddharth Mallavarapu (Jawaharlal Nehru University), Navnita Behera (Delhi University), Maneesha Tikekar (SIES College, Mumbai), N. K. Jha (Pondicherry University), Asad Sayeed (Collective for Social Science Research, Karachi), Arvind Kumar (National Institute of Advanced Studies, Bangalore).
Most of the papers were based on fieldwork in a South Asian country other than the scholar’s own. Thus a network of South Asian scholars who have had experience of conducting field research on problems of conflict and cooperation in South Asian countries other than their own, has been built. The project was supported by the Ford Foundation.
This project was transferred from the University of California, Berkeley, where it was originally lodged from 1995-2000 to UPIASI by the Ford Foundation. The project was directed by Dr. E. Sridharan, Academic Director and Chief Executive, UPIASI, with Ambassador K. Shankar Bajpai, the originator of the project, as Coordinator. The project consisted of exchange visits of one month each by four American and four Indian scholars to each other’s country to research and write a paper reflecting on some aspect of their country’s politics in the light of a study of the other country’s experience. The four American scholars are Arend Lijphart (University of California, San Diego); Juan Linz (Yale University); Alfred Stepan (Columbia University) and Nathan Glazer (Harvard University). The four Indian scholars are: Neera Chandhoke (Delhi University); Moolchand Sharma (Delhi University); Peter de Souza (Goa University); E. Sridharan (UPIASI). Yogendra Yadav (Centre for the Study of Developing Societies) joined the project as a co-author of Linz and Stepan.
Three conferences of the project were held. The first conference was held in September 2001 in New York. The second conference was held in October 2002 in New York. The third and final conference of the project was held in New Delhi, on January 23-24, 2003, at which much-revised versions of the papers presented at the first and second conferences were presented. A book, Democracy and Diversity: India and the American Experience, edited by K. Shankar Bajpai, has been published by Oxford University Press in January 2007. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh launched the book on February 3, 2007.
This project is in collaboration with Penn’s International Literacy Institute and Graduate School of Education. The BFI project, completed in Andhra Pradesh in January 2007, by developing a package of 12 lessons on 6 CDs in Telugu for child and youth dropout literacy and lifeskills, is planned to be extended to developing Hindi-language literacy and life skills lessons on CDs in collaboration with the India Habitat Centre’s (IHC) twelve Habitat Learning Centres in Delhi, targeted at underprivileged schoolchildren and dropout children and youth. An MOU between the University of Pennsylvania’s International Literacy Institute (ILI), UPIASI and IHC has been signed and fund-raising efforts have been on over the past three years, despite an unfavourable climate, and are continuing. This project is a radically innovative one which seeks to explore policy alternatives to rapid spread of literacy and lifeskills in India in a context where the school dropout rate is high at all levels. The project was funded by the Spencer Foundation, JPMorganChase, ICICI Bank, UNESCO, UNICEF, and the Andhra Pradesh Government.
The Telugu CDs package had been accepted by the Andhra Pradesh government in 2007 and is being implemented in 200 schools according to the last-received information.
A research paper has been published in an international journal –
Daniel A. Wagner, University of Pennsylvania, and C. J. Daswani, Consultant and National Coordinator, BFI project, UPIASI, and Romilla Karnati, University of Pennsylvania, “Technology and Mother Tongue-Literacy in Southern India: Impact Studies among Young Children and Out-of-School Youth”, ITID Journal, Vol. 6, No. 4, Winter 2010.
For a short video describing the project, click here.
Dr. G. Balachandran, an expert on security studies, was commissioned by UPIASI to carry out a project on Indo-US Relations and Controls on the Export of Dual-Purpose Technologies to India, funded by a grant to UPIASI from the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India. He visited Washington, DC, to do research in January 2005. A draft paper on policy options on the export of dual-purpose technologies to India from the US was submitted to the MEA in May 2005.
This is a conference-and-edited volume project on comparative coalition politics in five Asian democracies, India, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Malaysia and Japan, comparing patterns of coalition politics across these countries and with the patterns traced in the comparative literature on Western democracies. A conference was held in Bangkok on March 25-26, 2004. The following scholars wrote country papers on coalition politics: Takako Hirose, Senshu University (Japan); Likhit Dhiravegin, Thammasat University and Member of Parliament, Thailand (Thailand); Zakaria Haji Ahmad, National University of Malaysia (Malaysia); Jayadeva Uyangoda, University of Colombo (Sri Lanka); E. Sridharan, UPIASI (India). After revision and updates, an edited volume, E. Sridharan, ed., Coalition Politics and Democratic Consolidation in Asia, Oxford University Press, 2012, has been published. The project was supported by the Japan Foundation and Mahindra & Mahindra Limited.
UPIASI has been administering the selection process of the ASIA Fellows Program, an inter-Asian scholarly exchange program covering South Asia, Southeast Asia and China, in South Asia since 1999, on contract with the Asian Scholarship Foundation, Bangkok, terminating in 2012 with the end of the program. The ASIA Fellowships are awarded to scholars and others (public intellectuals, policy makers) who specialize in the study of other Asian countries, to spend 6-9 months doing research in another Asian country. India has been the biggest beneficiary of this Program to date and the Program has helped to create a large pool of Indian scholars who have fieldwork experience and exposure to other Asian countries. UPIASI has helped organize the ASIA Fellows alumni in India into an association, now registered as the Association of Asia Scholars (AAS), and helped organize five alumni conferences on various themes in Asian studies with partner organizations. These are:
(i) The Landscape of Asian Integration, January 2008, Delhi with the Ministry of External Affairs;
(ii) Urban Poverty and Governance in Asia, January 2008, with India International Centre;
(iii) Sustainable Development: Challenges for Asian Societies, November 2008, Patiala, with Punjabi University, Patiala, Indian Council of Social Science Research, Royal Norwegian Embassy, Department of Science and Technology, and Sage Publications, whose papers will be published in an edited volume by Routledge in early 2010 (Sucha Singh Gill, Lakhwinder Singh and Reena Marwah, eds., Economic and Environmental Sustainability of the Asian Region, Routledge India Originals series);
(iv) Climate Change and Food Security in Asia, Jaipur, June 2009, with Ministry of Environment;
(v) Emerging China: Prospects for Partnership in Asia, November 2009, Delhi, with Indian Council of World Affairs.
(vi) Peace, Security and Development in South Asia, March 2011, Patiala, with Punjabi University.
The Academic Director/Chief Executive, UPIASI, is active as an Adviser to the AAS in all its activities. A bi-annual journal, Millenial Asia, has been launched by AAS and the Academic Director/Chief Executive is on the editorial advisory board. In the period, 2006-2007 to 2009-10, UPIASI built on the wide networks of scholars in Asian studies all over Asia, particularly in South Asia, including close to 300 alumni Fellows, to develop synergies with its projects on International Relations Theory and South Asia, and Coalition Politics and Democratic Consolidation in Asia, and intends to continue to leverage the network built for future projects. UPIASI has also managed to secure the interest of an Indian donor, Navajbai Ratan Tata Trust, in supporting 5 ASIA Fellowships a year with a 3-year grant of Rs. 15 million, which are directly disbursed to the selected Fellows by UPIASI from 2008 instead of being routed through ASF, Bangkok.
The Case of Indian Muslims in Comparative Perspective
A paper comparing the representation of dispersed minorities, that is, those that are so distributed as to be in a minority in most parliamentary constituencies, in single-member constituency, first-past-the-post electoral systems, is being undertaken. The focus is on Muslims in India and comparative reference groups are Indians in Malaysia, African-Americans in US House of Representatives elections and Hindus in Bangladesh. Representation is being linked to the existence of prior political cleavages, the nature of parties and party system in terms of the norms of inclusiveness, and the estimated percentages of the minority at the constituency level. Undertaken in collaboraton with Adnan Farooqui, Jamia Millia Islamia University.
This project attempts to analyse the factors behind the duration of state governments in India, including defections and splits of parties in Indian state assemblies, and develop an “opportunism” score for state assemblies and state-level parties, and then try to relate opportunism to duration and state-level economic performance by various indicators. The project is being undertaken in collaboration with the Indian Statistical Institute, Delhi, led by Prof. Bhaskar Dutta, with participation from Dr. Sugata Dasgupta, Jawaharlal Nehru University.
This project seeks to explore India’s and China’s emerging foreign assistance policies and programs and is being undertaken in 2012 and 2013. Prof. Xue Lan, Tsinghua University, is author of the China paper. The project is supported by the International Development Research Centre, Canada.